28 Dec 2021

What Is The Difference Between MS And MTech | Ekeeda

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What Is The Difference Between MS And M. Tech?

Millions of candidates complete B. Tech degree every year across India and the next question that arises in the mind is whether M. Tech or M. Sc, which is a better option for them after B. Tech. Well, each degree has its own advantages and you can pursue based on your career goals.
Today, opportunities and demand for an M. Tech and MS degree are rapidly growing in the field of education and spanning across different aspects of life. Since more students are opting for these programs, the question regarding the difference between the two programs will arise in the minds of students. Of course, students must be reluctant and curious to know the difference and which opportunity is better for them. Relax! Our blog will discuss some of the major opportunities, specialization, eligibility criteria, entrance exams, pros and cons for M. Tech and M.S Courses in India.
Many candidates opt for Postgraduate programs through the GATE exam in India. Most of the IIT’s & other Institutes offer various types of Postgraduate Programmes like M. Tech (M.E), MS, MSc & Ph.D. For e.g IISc Bengaluru offers M. Tech, MSc, MS & Ph.D. admission through the GATE examination.
M. Tech or Masters Of Technology will help you enter the world of Technological Innovations. The curriculum is designed as such to meet industry-specific needs such as food, healthcare, power, and energy, etc. And M.Sc. helps you dig deeper into the domain of science and research that will equip you with various latest advancements in the selective field.

A Quick Glance At M. Tech And M. Sc Courses
M. Tech Courses

  • It is a course based and time-bound post-graduate program in the field of Engineering 

  • M Tech Course Duration: Two years

  • M Tech Institutes: Most of the premium institutes across India provide this course

  • Admission Process: It will be direct admission based on GATE Score in the core discipline/multi-discipline/non-core based on GATE Score and written/interview. Usually, candidates need to have a good GATE Score or top ranks to get in desired Institute and a course of choice.

  • Stipend/Scholarship: All the GATE Qualified students are provided a stipend of INR 12400 per month for HTTA by MHRD for two years.

  • Course curriculum: For M. Tech/ME students have more credits for courses and they need to study more subjects and subsequent projects (usually 6 months-9 months)

  • Future scope: The course is more about learning advanced subjects of a discipline and less towards core research. Candidates take up industrial jobs during the placement through campus. Those who are interested to enter in research field can go for Ph.D. programs in India or abroad. However, candidates need to prove and emphasize more on their project work. 

  • Pros: Since it is more of a time-bound course, most students choose M. Tech as first priority considering a good job after masters.

  • Cons: In this course, candidates are more focused on technical know-how and thus, less exposed to research work.

MS courses

  • It is a research-based program and the time duration to complete the M. Sc course will be based on the completion of thesis work.

  • M S Course Duration:  It might take two-three years to complete the M. Sc program and in some cases, it can take lesser or more time

  • M S Institutes – Top-Tier IITs, IISc, and few NITs provides this M. Sc program

  • Admission Process – It will be based on a GATE score, followed by a written exam and interview in a specific area. More weightage is given on the interview and a good GATE score is required to shortlist for the written as well as interview. An average GATE holder can also get into this course based on their performance during the interview. 

  • Stipend/Scholarship: All GATE Qualified students are provided a stipend of INR 12400 per month by MHRD for up to three years. The stipend could be more as well based since it is funded by an industrial project.

  • Course curriculum: For M.Sc Research there are fewer credits for technical work and more focus is on the thesis. The students will have to complete most of the course credit in the first semester and from the second semester onwards they will need to work on the agreed research thesis under a designated guide. The degree will be provided based on the thesis completion. There is a good scope for you to publish conference and journal papers during the research period. Many students also get a chance to attend national and international conferences to display their talent and hard work. This would be another travelling experience wherein expenses are funded by Institutes.

  • Future scope: Since the MS course is designed from the research point of view, candidates will have good scope to work in R&D industries in India or overseas. Many students convert their ‘Thesis Work’ into Ph.D. and further obtain an integrated degree (MS+ Ph.D.). They will also have easy chances to get in Ph.D. courses in India or Abroad. 

  • Pros: Candidates who pursue MS courses have a bright future in the research-oriented field or a very good scope to pursue Ph.D. from abroad.

  • Cons: Candidates who pursue an M. Sc course will need to be more focused and dedicated to completing thesis work. Any kind of procrastination will increase their course duration and that will bring depression amongst candidates. In some cases, mentors are not supportive/ and the research in chosen area will not go in the desired direction. Thus, it’s important to decide the area of research and get fact checks done before you step in the field.

Master of Science (M.S) Vs Master of Technology (M.Tech): Highlights

  • Both the postgraduate programmes are conducted for a period of two years with different specializations

  • Master of Science (M.Sc) degree is a degree under the domain of Science

  • Master Of Technology (M.Tech) degree is a degree under the discipline of Engineering

  • The enter list of programmes and specializations are totally different from each other. 

Specialization For M.Sc Degree 
Here are a few specializations offered by institutes to pursue your Master’s in Science degree: 

  • Economics

  • Mathematics

  • Physics

  • Chemistry

  • Biotechnology

  • Zoology

  • Botany

  • Electronics

  • Information Technology

  • Geology

  • Meteorology

Other than this, there are many more specializations available at the postgraduate level under the science stream. Each science college in India also provides more range of fields. Thus, it’s totally based on the candidate's interests and career goals to pursue an M.Sc. degree and they will have to check the M. Sc specialisation provided by various institutes and colleges across India.

Specialization For M. Tech Degree
M.Tech degree has a list of sub-specializations that candidates can choose based on their needs and career goals. Here is a list of the M. Tech specialisations under which the candidates can choose sub-specialisations: 

So, if candidates are interested in pursuing any of these specializations or wish to learn more about the various domains they can pursue, check out the list of top engineering colleges on ‘Google’ that will offer these different types of programmes and their fields.
Eligibility Criteria For M.Sc. and M. Tech Courses
Folks, if you’re looking to get admission in any of the postgraduate courses in either M. Tech or M.Sc stream, you will have to meet the eligibility criteria.

  • In order to pursue M.Sc and M.Tech courses, the candidates will have to possess a graduate degree. It should be mostly in the same field and discipline under which they wish to choose to pursue their engineering degree. 

  • The candidates will have to obtain a minimum of 55% or above in the four years’ graduation degrees.

  • Many institutes and colleges across the nation offer admissions to various science and engineering programmes based on the candidates’ marks in the entrance test being conducted by the institutes themselves or at the National level.

  • Candidates will have to appear for Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering (GATE) and it is applicable for admission to the M. Tech programmes in top-tier educational institutes across India.

  • Candidates need to take note that every institute, college or university that provide various M. Tech programmes will offer admission based on the performance or rank obtained by the candidates in the GATE exam.

  • Also, many universities and institutes conduct their entrance tests to offer admissions for the aspirants.

Thus, it's important before you apply for admission to any of the institutes, you should check thoroughly the eligibility criteria and institutes requirements.
M.Tech Entrance Exams: Important List
Here is the complete list of M. Tech Entrance Exams conducted by various institutes and bodies across India. You can sit for these entrance tests in order to qualify for admission to the various M. Tech programmes available in the nation.

  • Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering (GATE)

  • Andhra Pradesh Postgraduate Engineering Common Entrance Test (AP PGECET)

  • Maharashtra Council Of Agriculture Education & Research Common Entrance Test (MCAER PG CET) 

  • Indian Maritime University Common Entrance Test (IMU CET)

  • Karnataka Postgraduate Common Entrance Test (Karnataka PGCET)

  • Odisha Joint Entrance Examination (OJEE)

  • Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Exam (UPSEE)

  • Telangana Postgraduate Engineering Common Entrance Test (TS PGECET)

  • Andhra University Common Entrance Test (AUCET)

  • VIT Masters Entrance Examination (VITMEE)

  • Tamil Nadu Common Entrance Test (TANCET)

  • Himachal Pradesh Common Entrance Test (HPCET)

  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (IPU CET)

These were some of the important entrance exams conducted across India for admission into the M. Tech Courses. It’s advisable candidates, can check the official website of the respective universities to know the important exam dates, and other notifications like fees, form availability, etc.
M. Sc Entrance Tests: Important Lists
Similarly, those individuals who wish to take admission to various M.Sc programmes across colleges in India will have to appear for the various entrance test conducted at national, state and university level.
Here is the list of M.Sc entrance tests conducted across India that will make you eligible to pursue an M. Sc in various institutes.

  • Indian Institute of Technology Joint Admissions Test for M.Sc (IIT JAM)

  • Cochin University Of Science And Technology Common Admission Test (CUSAT CAT)

  • West Bengal University Of Technology Post Graduate Entrance Test (WBUT PGET)

  • Maharashtra Council Of Agriculture Education & Research Common Entrance Test (MCAER PG CET)

  • Birla Institute Of Technology And Science Admission (BITSAT)

  • National Entrance Screening Test (NEST)

  • Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST)

  • Delhi University Entrance Test (DUET)

  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Entrance Examination (IPU CET)

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences Exam (AIIMS PG)

  • Andhra University Common Entrance Test (AUCET)

  • Manipal Entrance Test (MET)

  • Dravidian University Common Entrance Test (DUCET)

  • Sant Longowal Institute Of Engineering & Technology Entrance Exam (SLIET SET)

  • Banaras Hindu University Postgraduate Entrance Test (BHU PET 2021)

  • Jammu University Entrance Test (JUET)

To enter the M.Sc program or M. Tech Program after completing your B. Tech degree totally depends on your career goals and industry requirements. Of course, there are challenges, new trends & techniques, and likes/dislikes that would change over the period of time. It should be noted that determining which is better will vary depending on the candidate’s specialization. The job opportunities available in the markets once you complete your M. Sc and M.Tech will be different from each other. While M. Tech would attract skill-specific jobs, M.Sc will focus on more research-based positions to be offered to the candidates. Thus, the real difference between M.Tech  and M.Sc will be the interest of the candidates. Are they interested more in a research-oriented career or more in a skill-oriented career? This is what candidates need to figure out.
Some Top Companies Who Hire M. Tech Graduates

  • HPCL

  • DRDO

  • National Institute Of Plant Genome Research

  • Defence Research And Development Organisation (DRDO)

  • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

  • Bosch

  • Mahindra & Mahindra

  • Renault-Nissan

  • Hyundai

  • Royal Enfield

  • Hero Motocorp

  • Ultra Tech Cement

  • Larsen & Toubro

  • Ashok Leyland

  • Continental Tyres

  • Titan Industries

  • MRF

  • JK Tyres

  • TVS

  • Godrej

  • Maruti Suzuki

  • Blue Star

  • Saint-Gobain

  • Practo

  • Ford Motors

  • Hindustan Motors

Some Top Companies Who Hire M.Sc Graduates

  • SAP

  • AIIMS

  • BECIL 

  • IITs 

  • DRDO

  • Punjab Agricultural University

  • Siemens

  • Accenture

  • Mindtree

  • DXC Technology

  • Conga

  • Amazon

  • IBM 

  • Tech Mahindra

  • Cyient

  • Deloitte

  • Nielson

  • Orange

  • Ericsson

  • HCL

  • L&T

  • Honda 

  • Infocom Software

  • TCS

  • Anjan Drug Private Limited 

Hope we have helped you solve the mystery behind M.Sc. and M. Tech courses, and you can now make a fair decision on your career goals. GATE is compulsory for postgraduate programs. GATE 2022 will be conducted by IIT Kharagpur in February 2022. For more details, you can – Click here
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FAQs

What is the difference between MS and MTech?
M. Tech or Masters Of Technology will help you enter the world of Technological Innovations. The curriculum is designed as such to meet industry-specific needs such as food, healthcare, power, and energy, etc. And M.Sc. helps you dig deeper into the domain of science and research that will equip you with various latest advancements in the selective field.
Which is better ME or MS?
Each specialization has its advantages and opportunities. It totally depends upon your career goals and industry requirements. While M. Tech is to make the student more inclined towards developing or meeting industry-specific needs; M.Sc courses will help you gain more knowledge in the domain of science and conduct research through thesis work that will help mankind get equipped with the latest advancements in the chosen field.
What is the salary after MTech?
The salary after M. Tech differs for the candidates based on the specialization they wish to choose. Other factors that will impact the M.Tech job’s salary will include: experience, location, thesis work, and specialization. Graduates can increase their salary by doing internships as it would add to their experience. The average M. Tech graduate salary in India will be around INR 3-5 LPA.
Some of the best M. Tech jobs in India after the course are:

Designation

Salary

Assistant Professor

INR 3.3 LPA

Food Research Scientist

INR 3.5 LPA

Urban Development Specialist

INR 4 LPA

Software Engineer

INR 3.5 LPA

Design Engineer

INR 3 LPA

What is the scope after M Tech?
The course is more about learning advanced subjects of a discipline and less towards core research. Candidates take up industrial jobs during the placement through campus. Those who are interested to enter in research field can go for Ph.D. programs in India or abroad. However, candidates need to prove and emphasis more on their project work.
What is the eligibility for MS?
In order to pursue M.Sc. and M.Tech courses, the candidates will have to possess a graduate degree. It should be mostly in the same field and discipline under which they wish to choose to pursue their engineering degree. The candidates will have to obtain a minimum of 55% or above in the four years’ graduation degree.
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