18 Oct 2021

All About IT (Information Technology) Engineering

Ekeeda Moderator
Works at Ekeeda

IT Engineering - Courses, Subjects, Exams & Scope

As an IT engineer, the basic form of engineering stuff that would come to your mind is all about rebooting your computers, or setting up LAN network. Well! It’s just the tip of the iceberg. IT engineering is vast and much more than your imagination. Whether it's controlling the supercomputers at space stations or controlling your childhood hero “Giant Robot” to fight against evil, everything needs the valuable opinion of IT engineer. Be it lighting up the London Eye or open a water faucet and you see water oozing out, that’s possible only due to the innovative idea of Information Technology engineers.
Yes! Today, IT engineering is one of the most preferred courses amongst engineering aspirants. Be it running the banks or getting the medicines delivered at your doorstep, IT has become an integral part of our lives. The rising dependence on the best Information Technology practices has given rise to the demand of learning and further innovation in this field making it a popular career option amongst millennials. You can find IT specialization in various branches such as healthcare, finance companies, BPOs, Aviation, hospitality.
In today’s technological era, one of the best career options for engineering graduates in current and future scenario is IT profession. IT requirements is nearly in every sector, field, small or big firms, and thus the manpower is in huge demand across several industries and sectors. Most people are confused whether IT is similar to IT science; however, the later is all about the studying the aspects of computing. Right from the designing semiconductors, microprocessors, personal and supercomputers to designing circuits or write code for the software that powers the machines. While Information Technology engineering deals with the regulation & security of data being transferred through electronic devices and its related software.
Information Technology can be seen in nearly every walk of lives – from building drone to delivery medicines at your doorstep. You need application for every task you do, there are guidance application, that teaches you how to do it better and more effectively or there would be actually apps that make your life easy and hassle-free. Thus, in such a scenario a career in IT field would be the best option for students which can be reap benefits in terms of finances and good career life.

About Information Technology
Information technology a specialized sub-domain mainly focuses on the application of the acquired IT science concepts. It usually deals with the application of IT systems to store, study, transmit and manipulate available data or information.
‘Data’ is like a hidden gold and IT science application are spreading its arm fast and vast to extract it. Every economic sector has embraced the contribution of the IT field. With a healthy contribution to nation’s GDP growth, IT industry will be seen as one of the major elements to stable economy. This booming sector, thus instigates the necessity of Qualified and brilliant IT technical professionals who can work under various roles in the industry. B.E Information Technology course is aimed at transforming the engineering aspirants into qualified and dynamic professionals who are capable of meeting the demands of the industry both technically & academically.

How To Make A Career In The IT Sector?
India is considered as the ‘IT HUB’, with over 4000+ institutes and colleges offering various courses at B. Tech, M. Tech, doctoral and certificate level. Also, we see top global IT companies have a sizeable number of Indian IT graduates who work in different capacities with them. Other than UG/PG there are short-term courses like IT diplomas and certifications being offered by various institutions in India.
A qualified IT engineer has the option to choose his or her work in fields like ITs, electronic gadgets, navigation systems, research labs, finance companies, media companies, etc. The starting salary for any IT graduate is INR 4 lakhs per annum at the junior level. At senior, you could get a hike of up to INR 13-14 lakhs per annum. Once you pursue B. Tech in IT engineering and appear for the GATE exam, there are various avenues open for you. Firstly, you can apply for M. Tech programs that will eventually lead you to better job opportunities, higher pay packages, subject specialization, and a handsome stipend.
Secondly, one of the most exciting opportunities would be, various PSUs in India hire IT engineers through the GATE examination, thereby giving them a chance to settle down for a dream career. With a conducive work environment, good pay & incentives, and other amenities, PSU provides a promising future for individuals. Some of the top PSUs in India that hire through GATE include: BHEL, ISRO, DRDO, Power grid, CDAC, BARC, and more. Other than PSU hiring, after M. Tech you can further pursue your career in Ph.D. research wherein you will be paid a stipend and later get recruited as professors or HOD in various prestigious universities and institutes across India. You can also secure IT jobs in the research wing of various government or private organizations.

IT Engineering Courses
In India, IT Science Engineering degree course is offered by most of the Engineering institutes at Undergraduate, Postgraduate, and doctorate levels like:

  • B. E/B. Tech

  • M. E/M. Tech

  • B. Sc

  • M. Sc

  • Ph. D.

Information Technology: Eligibility Criteria
To be eligible for admissions in Information Technology engineering, students should secure following marks:
•    General category students – 50%
•    Reserved category students – 45%
Also, many private institutes have their own eligibility criteria wherein only pass percentage are also required. Here are the course wise IT engineering eligibility criteria: 

B.E/B. Tech in IT

  • The candidate must have passed class 12 in Science stream (PCM/PCMB) or equivalent from a recognized board or university. 

  • IT Science as one of the subjects in HSC is desirable


  • The candidate must have passed class 12 in Science stream (PCM/PCMB) or Commerce stream or equivalent from a recognized board or university
  • IT Science as one of the subjects in HSC is desirable

M. Tech in IT

  • The candidate must have completed BE/BTech or MSc in relevant branch a recognized board or university.


  • The candidate must have completed a Bachelor's degree of minimum 3 years duration in BCA, B.Sc. (Information Technology / IT Science) with Mathematics as a course at 10+2 level or at Graduate level

BSc. In IT

  • The candidate must have passed class 12 in science stream (PCM/PCMB) or equivalent from a recognized board or university

  • Computer Science as one of the subjects in HSC is desirable

MSc in IT

  • The candidate must have completed a Bachelor's degree of minimum 3 years duration in relevant branch with Mathematics as a course at 10+2 level or at Graduate level

Top Information Technology Entrance Exams
Most of the engineering colleges/institutes that provide Computer engineering courses offer admission to candidates on the basis of National or State level engineering entrance exams. There are also many colleges that have their own individual entrance exams for admission to B. Tech programmers. Some of the popular engineering entrance exams that aspirants should consider securing admissions to UG and PG level Computer Engineering courses include:
Listed below are four top IT entrance exams.





Top IT Engineering Colleges in India 2021
B. Tech and M. Tech in Information Technology is offered by many reputed colleges and universities across the nation. Colleges offer admissions to the candidates who have passed their 10+2 or equivalent level examination from a recognized state or central board.
Here are some Top IT engineering colleges in India 2021

  • Chandigarh College of Engineering and Technology    

  • ADIT    

  • BITS, Pilani    

  • Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology, Delhi

  • IIT, Howrah

  • Jadavpur University, Kolkatta

  • RV College of Engineering, Bengaluru

  • BMS College of Engineering, Bengaluru

Information Technology Syllabus
Information Technology is taught as a specialization in B. Tech/M. Tech, BSc/MSc and BCA/MCA. Although, the Information technology syllabus might vary in terms of elective courses, the core IT subjects nearly remain the same.
Here is the core Information Technology syllabus:

  • IT Architecture and Organization

  • Database Systems

  • Operating Systems

  • Electronics

  • IT Networks

  • Foundations of IT Systems

  • Java Programming and Website Design

  • Design and Analysis of Algorithms

  • Software Engineering

  • Database Management Systems

  • E-Commerce & ERP

  • Multimedia Applications

  • Object Oriented Programming

  • Data Structures

  • Data Warehousing and Data Mining

  • Engineering Mathematics

IT Engineering Course Curriculum
IT engineering course curriculum will differ from college to college and across institutes & universities in India; however, the fundamentals will remain uniform across all institutes. Here is the complete overview of the topics/sub-topics you will study for IT Engineering across eight semesters in four years. Although, the Information Technology subjects would be constant the syllabus and structure may vary from college to college and institutes.
Subjects Of Information Technology Engineering In Eight Semesters (4-Year Program)

Semester 1

Semester 2

Introduction to Programming

Mathematics- 2


Data structure and algorithm

Basic Electronics

Digital logic and Circuits



Engineering Mechanics

Communicative English

Electrical Circuits

Electrical measurements

Practical Lab

Practical Lab


Semester 3

Semester 4



Object-oriented Programming

Object-oriented Systems


Software engineering

Principles of Communication


Computer Graphics

Computer Networks

Computer architecture

Numerical methods and Optimization Techniques

Practical Lab

Practical Lab


Semester 5

Semester 6

Multimedia coding and communications

Design and analysis algorithms

Wireless networks

Cryptography and network security

Graph Theory

Distributed system algorithms

Web Technologies-1

Web Technologies-2

Principles of Computer Design

Formal language and automata

Operating Systems


Practical Lab

Practical Lab


Semester 7

Semester 8


Distributed system and applications



Image processing


Seminar Digital

Signal Processing

Minor Project

Project and Viva-Voce

Practical Lab 

Practical Lab

Ekeeda – India’s top tech educational app provides IT engineering courses online for aspirants. You can book your IT Package and start learning any topic, anytime. These courses are designed by expert faculty from IITs while keeping in mind the latest industry trends and IT engineering syllabus. What’s more! You can get access to PDF notes, mock tests, and live interactive sessions to clarify your doubts then and there. We believe in providing access to the best study resources at pocket-friendly prices. Thus, with round the year deals and discounts you can crack a great deal and ace up your academic preparation.
Check out the list of
IT Engineering Courses Online at Ekeeda and subscribe today!
Skills Required For Information Technology Engineering
To be able to pursue IT Engineering, candidates will have to possess the right set of skills to attain new zeniths in life and the future. Here are some skillsets defined for a successful IT engineer -

  • Analytical skills

  • Problem-solving skills

  • Critical thinking

  • Creativity

  • Good Programming Skills

  • Strong Data Structures & Algorithms skills

  • Basic Web Development Knowledge

  • Basics of Machine Learning

  • Basics of Security, Vulnerabilities, And Cryptography

  • Ability To Grasp Knowledge Instantly

BE Information Technology: Career Prospects
Information Technology engineering undergraduates have a plethora of options to choose from in terms of their careers. One can choose to work as Database Administrator, IT System Manager, System administrator, Technical Trainer, Software Developer, Project lead, etc.
IT professionals can start their career as Junior Programmer, Database Administrator, Junior Network Manager, Data Analyst, Software Developer, Software Engineer, and Client-Server Systems Manager, etc. The demand for software professionals is rather more in corporate sectors with excellent salary packages. There are many career options for B.Tech in Information Technology degree holders. 

Information Technology Specialists: Fields 
IT Specialists are required in almost all sectors such as technology, finance, banking, e-commerce, medicine, media & communication, healthcare, defence, and other areas. Many job opportunities are available in various IT firms all over India. Some of the leading IT Companies are HP, Dell, Infosys, TCS, Wipro, Accenture, IBM, etc. 
As far as the government sector is concerned, there won’t be any death of opportunities since major public firms like BSNL, ISRO, CDIT, CDAC are always on the hunt for booming talent across India.

Average Salary For IT Engineers – 

Job Profile

Salary (Average)

Senior Software Engineer

₹ 800000

Software Engineer

₹ 500000

Sr. Software Engineer / Developer / Programmer

₹ 600000

Software Developer 


₹ 400000 

Team Leader

₹ 900000 


Project Manager, Information Technology 

₹ 1200000


Information Technology Consultant

₹ 800000 

    Top Information Technology Companies 2021
IT professionals are required everywhere; whether its domestic, or MNCs operating in nearly all sectors. But the demand for IT professionals is higher in its Niche i.e IT companies. Here are few top companies that will hire trained IT professionals in various capacities and departments 

  • IBM

  • Infosys

  • Dell

  • Intel

  • Wipro

  • Accenture

  • HP

  • HCL Infotech

  • TCS

  • Google

  • Amazon

  • Microsoft

  • Oracle

  • SAP 

Hope you now made up a clear mind and aspire to become one of the brilliant IT engineers of the nation. To get access to superior study resources as per the latest IT engineering syllabus and trends download Ekeeda – India’s best tech educational app today! We believe in providing the best of the study resources of pocket-friendly prices to individuals. With round-the-year deals and discounts, candidates can grab the best deal and start preparing for academics at the comfort of their homes or favourite study corners such as a library, beachside, or terrace. Our IT packages cover IT engineering subjects for all the semesters and are designed by experts keeping in mind the latest IT engineering syllabus.
Happy Reading!

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