22 Oct 2021

All About Instrumentation Engineering

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All About Instrumentation Engineering

An individual who has sound knowledge of controlling and measuring industrial processes will always be an indispensable asset for the manufacturing environment. With the introduction of various automation and control engineering firms in India, Instrumentation, and control engineers are in great demand. The academic studies teach individuals to use different forms of instruments pertaining to computerized, mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, electronic, and electrical control devices. Thus, there are many Instrumentation and control engineering companies in India that recruit graduates and postgraduates in the field of instrumentation & control.
What Is Instrumentation Engineering?
Instrumentation is about monitoring and controlling various types of machinery. The instruments we have at home, workstations, and various places like mills, factories, transportation, construction sites, etc. are all due to the engineers. Various industries and sectors require hi-tech and complex instruments for measurements and other purposes. Such instruments are used in different industries for measurement are made by instrumentation engineering graduates. These graduates take a look into the principle and the operation of these instruments. The instruments made are automatic and used for measurement purposes in the fields of design.
An Instrumentation engineer works in various industries and improves the productivity for the processes thereby maintaining reliability, safety and stability as well. The candidates who take instrumentation engineering learn about adding sensors to the systems that will have recorders, transmitters, displays or control systems. Also, they need to look into the correct calibration of these instruments, if they are working correctly, therefore, testing them and also maintaining these instruments for future use. Today, Instrumentation engineering graduates' are not only restricted to engineering firms but also can be a part of the defence contractors, aeronautics, machine learning, biomedical companies, etc.

Instrumentation Engineering Scope In India & Abroad
IT has a wide variety of scope nationally and internationally and they also have an edge over the normal IT engineers. IN graduates can work in some of the most exceptional industries like oil and gas, petrochemical industries, and automobile. They can play a variety of roles can such as maintenance engineer, reliability engineer, and project engineer, etc. Thus, the chances of getting recruited at top spot and good firm in India, else fly overseas for training, or work in foreign units is quite high for IN engineers. 
Some of the companies that require Instrumentation engineering graduates are Indian Oil Corporation, HPLC, Reliance Industries Limited, and ONGC among many others. You may also enter the process automation industry where it manufactures the necessary hardware. Another option for the IN engineers is the design and engineering company. Candidates can design voltmeters, power meters, weighing machines, and air conditioners, among others.

In health care, sector IN engineers is required in designing instruments like ECG, EEG, MRI, XRAY, and FMG. Robotics and Machine learning has also increased the opportunity for IN engineers and is required at small scale as well as large scale industries.
As far as overseas is concerned, there is a huge scope of instrumentation engineering abroad. You can be hired in various industries like petroleum, oil rigs, mountain and hilly or cold regions, different chemical factories, steel manufacturing factories, and companies involving PLC and DSC. 
Some companies constantly in search of brilliant instrumentation engineers include Honeywells, Siemens, Robert Bosch, Suzlon, and more. Middle Eastern Cities like Dubai, Qatar, and other countries where there are Refineries, Oil and Gas sectors are always on the hunt for excellent IN engineers. The best countries to go abroad are the European countries, the USA and Canada since they offer great growth opportunities for these engineers.
A qualified Instrumentation engineer has the option to choose his or her work in fields like automation, Railways and construction, MNCs, Manufacturing, Packaging, Machinery, and control systems. The average salary for fresh Instrumentation engineer graduates is INR 6-7 lakh and above. In India, there are top-tier institutes/universities that offer Instrumentation engineering as one of the mainstream disciplines at the UG and PG level, that will help you attain B. Tech and M. Tech degrees respectively. 
Once you pursue B. Tech in Instrumentation engineering and appear for the GATE exam, there are various avenues open for you. Firstly, you can apply for M. Tech programs that will eventually lead you to better job opportunities, Higher pay packages, Subject specialization, and a Handsome stipend. 
Secondly, one of the most exciting opportunities would be, various PSUs in India hire Instrumentation engineers through the GATE examination. With a conducive work environment, good pay & incentives, and other amenities, PSU provides a promising future for individuals. Some of the top PSUs in India that hire through GATE include: BHEL, HPCL, DRDO, NPCIL, SAIL, BARC, Powergrid, and more. Other than PSU hiring, after M. Tech you can further pursue your career in Ph.D. research wherein you will be paid a stipend and later get recruited as professors or HOD in various prestigious universities and institutes across India. You can also secure jobs in the research wing of various government or private organizations.

Few Specialization In Instrumentation Engineering

  • Instrumentation Design Engineer

  • Field Instrument Engineering

  • Control System Engineering

  • Installation Engineering

  • Package Engineering

Instrumentation Engineering Courses
In India, Instrumentation Engineering degree course is offered by most of the Engineering institutes at UG, PG and doctorate levels like:

  • B.E/B. Tech

  • M.E/M. Tech

  • B. Sc

  • M. Sc

  • Ph. D.

Eligibility Criteria For Instrumentation Engineering

  • The candidate who will apply for Instrumentation engineering should have passed 10+2 or any equivalent exam from the recognized state or central board with 65% (relaxable for the reserved category) of the marks. Also, candidates must clear Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and English as the major subjects in class 12 or equivalent examination.

  • Along with this, the candidates will also have to fulfil the individual college or institute’s criteria to take admission.

  • For the reserved category candidates, they will have to produce a reservation certificate issued by competent authorities for making them available to its benefits.

  • Admissions are granted based on the common entrance test such as JEE Main, UPSEE, BITSAT, WBJEE, etc. 

For Post-Graduate Instrumentation Engineering Courses
You can pursue your Post-Graduation In Instrumentation Engineering after B.Tech Degree in Engineering. The interested students should have a Bachelor’s Degree, such as a B.Tech degree in streams like Instrumentation, Electronics & communication, Instrumentation & Electronics, Mechatronics, Mechanical or Instrumentation and Control Engineering from a recognized college or university to pursue further studies. The candidate should also have the minimum marks required for admission.
The admissions are done through the entrance exam such as - GATE score merit list. IIT, Kharagpur will conduct GATE 2022 and the official notification has been released of it. The registrations are ongoing till 24 September 2021. For more information, you can –
Click Here
Top Instrumentation Engineering Entrance Exams
Most of the engineering colleges/institutes that provide Instrumentation engineering courses offer admission to candidates on the basis of National or State level engineering entrance exams. There are also many colleges that have their own individual entrance exams for admission to B. Tech programmers. Some of the popular engineering entrance exams that aspirants should consider securing admissions to UG and PG level Instrumentation Engineering courses include:

  • JEE Main

  • JEE Advanced




  • OJEE


Note – The admissions to B. Tech/B. E/M. Tech (Instrumentation Engineering) programmes in most of the institutes is based on entrance exam scores.
Instrumentation Syllabus
All the colleges or institutes for B. Tech degree will have four years and eight semesters. Each semester of Instrumentation Engineering is designed in such a way to improve the student’s ability to acquire technical skills. Students are introduced to industry projects and assignment to give them a professional touch and make them understand how the industry works. Some of the Instrumentation Engineering subjects include:- 

  • Engineering Mathematics

  • Instrumentation and Electronic Measurements

  • Control Systems and Process Control

  • Analytical, Optical and Biomedical Instrumentation

  • Basics of Circuits and Measurement Systems

  • Transducers, Mechanical Measurement and Industrial Instrumentation

  • Analog Electronic

  • Digital Electronics

Instrumentation Engineering will be a combined course of various disciplines like computer engineering, mechanical, and control. In these four years of academic studies, students will get a chance to work with how the instruments will undergo Instrumentation, instrumentation electronics, electrical Instrumentation, and process instrumentation.
They will learn to maintain and operate instruments on an automated basis. How the instrument measures different substances is also taken into consideration. The basic principles of engineering are taught, so the candidate
s know how to use these automated systems efficiently

Semester Wise Electronics & Instrumentation Syllabus which is followed by most of the university in the course of B.Tech ECE Engineering is:

Semester 1

Semester 2

Communicative English

Vector Calculus & Ordinary Differential Equations

Calculus and Matrix Algebra


Computational Thinking and Problem

Computer Programming


Solid State Devices


Fundamentals of Electrical technology         

Fundamentals of Electrical technology

Cultural Education II

Physics/Chemistry Lab

Chemistry Lab. / Physics Lab

Workshop A/Workshop B

Workshop A/Workshop B

Engineering Drawing- CAD

Engineering Drawing- CAD


Semester 3

Semester 4

Humanities Elective I

Humanities Elective II

Amrita Values Program I

Amrita Values Program II

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations

Complex Analysis and Numerical Methods

Electric Circuits

Electronic Circuits

Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Engineering

Signals and Systems

Digital Systems

Electrical and Electronic Measurements

Industrial Instrumentation I

Soft Skills I

Industrial Instrumentation Lab

Measurements Lab

Digital Systems Lab

Electronic Circuits Lab


Semester 5

Semester 6

Probability and Statistics

Industrial Instrumentation II

Linear Integrated Circuits

Process Control

Control Engineering

Biomedical Instrumentation

Electrical Machines

Microprocessor and Microcontroller

Soft Skills II

Elective I

Digital Signal Processing

Soft Skills III

Digital Signal Processing Lab

Microcontroller Lab

Linear Integrated Circuits Lab

Process Control Lab

Live-in –Lab

Open Lab


Semester 7

Semester 8

Environmental Studies      

Environmental Studies   

Environmental Studies  

Elective IV

Industrial Automation

Project Phase II

Data Acquisition and Communication

Major Projects

Elective II


Project Phase 1 


Industrial Automation Lab


Live in lab


Ekeeda - India’s top tech educational app provides Instrumentation Engineering Courses online for aspirants. You can book your Instrumentation Engineering Package and start studying any topic, any where. These courses are designed by expert faculty from IITs and keeping in mind the latest industry trends and Instrumentation syllabus. What’s more! You will also get access to PDF notes, mock tests, and live interactive sessions to clarify your doubts then and there. We believe in providing access to the best study resources at pocket-friendly prices. Thus, with round the year deals and discounts you can crack a great deal and ace up your academic preparation.
Check out the list of
Instrumentation Engineering Courses online at Ekeeda and subscribe today!
Top B. Tech Instrumentation Engineering Colleges

  • COEP Pune

  • DSCE Bangalore

  • LDCE Ahmedabad

  • IIT Delhi

  • Andhra University College Of Engineering, Visakhapatnam

  • GCT Coimbatore

  • Jadavpur University

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

  • Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra

  • Shri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur

Jobs And Careers in Instrumentation Engineering

  • Instrumentation engineering candidates have a wide scope and range of career opportunities for them. They can get recruited in a wide variety of companies like corporate businesses, MNCs, Manufacturing, IT, Engineering Firms, Pharmaceutical, Machinery control, and consultancies. Instrumentation engineering graduates have the edge over Electrical and Mechanical engineers. With a sharp, analytical, and practical mindset they can pursue a brilliant career. They should have an excellent science background with a combination of subjects in Physics. Chemistry and Mathematics.

Upcoming trends

  • Since the need for machines, automation controls is increasing day-by-day, engineers have to work out to make instruments completely automated and reduce manpower and process inventory. These automated machines should be efficient yet reliable, safe, and accurate. Several communication channels are set up to prevent data loss during communication. 

  • Engineers are coming up with smart sensors, gesture controls, and much more to connect with the normal population, collect and access information on the product properties, and design innovative things.  Candidates implement a combination of sensors, actuators, and process analytics under the instrumentation and control module. A lot of industries could be explored with the best of knowledge and specialization.

Instrumentation Engineering: Job Profiles & Top Companies
Aspirants who wish to study Instrumentation engineering should first take note of various job profiles offered by top-notch companies and recruiters. Instrumentation engineering has to have the best quality of accuracy and performance. For instance, if we consider a biomedical firm, what best and innovative idea can IN engineer brings in to make sure the biomedical instruments work appropriately, add to cost efficiency, and book profits is what matters for the company. Similarly, candidates can also work in construction projects or defence systems.
Instrumentation engineering is one of the most untapped and upcoming fields across the globe. You can get some of the finest job opportunities in the field of Instrumentation, mechanical, and electronics. Since IN engineering course is multidisciplinary, the candidate can work inside and outside the industry. After the candidate specializes in a particular sector, he or she can also work as an incorporated engineer or a chartered engineer. You will get a scope to rise ahead in the field. The engineers will have to work dedicatedly and relentlessly to complete all the work and projects within the deadlines.

Some In-Demand Instrumentation Engineering Jobs Include:

  • Senior Instrumentation Engineer

  • Senior Engineer

  • Principle Engineer

  • Consultant

  • Chartered Engineer

  • Instrumentation Specialist

Top Instrumentation Engineering Companies 2021
Companies are always on the hunt for candidates with excellent technical and analytical skills and wish to work with instruments, operations, and maintenance. Recruitment right from the college or institutes plays an important role for the candidate to get placed right field or company. The top companies that recruit instrumentation engineering graduates are –

  • National Instruments

  • ABB

  • Larsen and Toubro

  • Bosch

  • Invensys

  • GE

  • Suzlon

  • Apna Technologies

  • Robert Bosch


  • Whirlybird

Key Skills For Instrumentation Engineering
For a candidate to be selected as an Instrumentation Engineer, he or she should have some great skills which are required in any company or sector. Here are some of the skills that the candidate pursuing instrumentation engineering should exhibit –
Problem solving – The candidates should be able to solve the problems that come up in front of them and give impeccable solutions.
Creativity – The candidate should be able to think out of the box to present their creativity.
Communication skills – The candidate should have excellent communication skills to solve their customers’ issues and grant a perfect solution.
Team Collaboration – The candidate should be efficient in working with the team. Be interactive with them.
Attention to detail – The candidate should pay attention to details for accuracy and better productivity of the instruments closely. 
Lifelong learning – The candidates should pay attention to details and upcoming trends in the industry to win the edge over the competition. 
Hope you now made up a clear mind and be one of the brilliant Instrumentation engineers of the nation. To get access to superior study resources as per the latest Instrumentation syllabus and trends download
Ekeeda – India’s best tech educational app today! We believe in providing the best of the study resources of pocket-friendly prices to individuals. With round-the-year deals and discounts, candidates can grab the best deal and start preparing for academics at the comfort of their homes or favourite study corners such as a library, beachside, or terrace. Our IN packages cover Instrumentation engineering subjects for all the semesters and are designed by IIT experts keeping in mind the latest Instrumentation syllabus.
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