04 Oct 2021

All About Mechanical Engineering

Ekeeda Moderator

Works at Ekeeda

Mechanical Engineering - Courses, Subjects, Exams, Scope & Careers

Mechanical Engineers play a pivotal role in various heavy industries such as energy conversion, biotechnology, computers, electronics, aerospace, and countless others. Basically, its role is to take any product through the journey from concept to commissioning, in other words from idea to the marketplace. 

What Is Mechanical Engineering?
Mechanical Engineering is one of the oldest and broadest fields of engineering that basically deals with the design, construction, and operations of Machines. A degree in the Mechanical field will let students acquire the basic understanding and knowledge of how heavy-duty tools and machinery which are mostly complicated and huge do work. A candidate pursuing mechanical engineering will get professional knowledge on designing automobiles, electric motors, electric circuits, aircraft, and other heavy vehicles & their functionality. 
If you see, Mechanical engineering has a lot of depth and width that allows candidates to choose several career options. You can design any complex system or product, acquire teamwork skills to design, produce and market a system or product, and gain the ability to overcome any constraints along the way. Mechanical engineering can be termed as 'Mother of Engineering' you can design everything from a small battery to medical devices, personal computers, automobiles, aircraft or rocket engines, air conditioners, construction machinery to electric power plants, and much more. These engineers are considered as the inventors of better and happy tomorrow. In India, Mechanical engineering is offered by many prestigious engineering colleges/universities at the undergraduate & postgraduate level where students are awarded BTech and MTech degrees respectively.

Mechanical Engineering Scope: India and Abroad
Mechanical Engineering has a broad future in India and overseas, with loads of opportunities for young and dynamic engineering. In terms of career opportunities, these professionals can find excellent opportunities in government organizations, management, and law among others. Candidates with a Mechanical Engineering degree can secure jobs in divisions such as aerospace, chemical manufacturing plants, automobile, R&D, oil rigs, construction and real estate, railway factories, and many others. With the advent of technology, the expertise and skills of Mechanical engineers are increasingly in demand for various technology-specific domains such as nanotechnology, biomedical engineering, Artificial Intelligence, robotics, and energy conservation, among others.
Also, various PSUs in India hire Mechanical engineers through the GATE examination, thereby giving them a chance to settle down for a dream career. With a conducive work environment, good pay and incentives, and other amenities, PSU provides a promising future for individuals. Some of the top PSUs in India that hire through GATE include BHEL, HPCL, DRDO, NPCIL, SAIL, BARC, Power grid, and more. Other than PSU hiring, after M. Tech you can further pursue your career in Ph.D. research wherein you will be paid a stipend and later get recruited as professors or HOD in various prestigious universities and institutes across India. You can also secure jobs in the research wing of various government or private organizations.

Popular Engineering Entrance Exams for Mechanical Engineering 
Some of the popular engineering entrance exams that aspirants should consider while appearing for admissions to Mechanical Engineering courses are mentioned below:

  • JEE Main

  • JEE Advanced

  • SRMJEEE

  • BITSAT

  • VITEEE

  • KIITEEE

On the other hand, admission to the PG engineering programs offered at colleges in the nation is majorly done on the basis of GATE scores.
Eligibility Criteria for Mechanical Engineering
To pursue a degree in Mechanical Engineering, aspirants must fulfill certain eligibility criteria as specified by the institute/college.
Some of the important points included under the eligibility criteria are:

For B. Tech

  • Aspirants should have cleared their Higher Secondary Examination (H.S.C) with Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry as the core subjects

  • Aspirants should have acquired a minimum of 50% in their Class 12 Examination

  • Candidates with a three-year diploma in a related field from a recognized institute are also eligible to apply for Lateral Entry.

For M. Tech

  • Candidates should have completed a B.E. or B. Tech degree course in Mechanical, Automobile, Manufacturing, Production, Mechatronics, or other related fields of engineering.

  • Candidates must have secured a minimum aggregate of 55% in the final qualifying exam.

Mechanical Engineering Subjects List
Here is the complete overview of the subjects in Mechanical engineering across eight semesters in four years. Although the Mechanical engineering subjects would be constant the syllabus and structure may vary from college to college and institute.

Mechanical Engineering Courses

Semester 1

Semester 2

Chemistry 

Modern Biology

Electrical Sciences

Introduction To Computing

Engineering Mathematics 1

Engineering Mathematics 2

Engineering Physics 1

Engineering Mechanics

Chemistry Laboratory

Engineering Physics 2

Workshop/Physics/Laboratory

Computing Laboratory

Engineering Drawing 

Basic Electronics Laboratory

Physical Training 1

Physics Laboratory/Workshop

[NCC/NSO/NSS]

Physical Training 2
[NCC/NSO/NSS]

 

     

Semester 3 

Semester 4

    Engineering Mathematics 3

Fluid Mechanics 1

Thermodynamics

Manufacturing Technology 1

Solid Mechanics 1

Solid Mechanics 2

Engineering Materials

Kinematics of Machinery

HSS Elective 1

HSS Elective 2

Machine Drawing

   

Workshop 2

      

Physical Training 3  

Mechanical Lab 1

NCC/NSS/NSO

Physical Training 4

 

NCC/NSO/NSS

 

Semester 5

Semester 6

Fluid Mechanics 2

Applied Thermodynamics 1

Manufacturing Technology 2

Machine Design

Dynamics of Machinery

Mechanical Measurements

Design of Machine Elements

Heat and Mass Transfer

Electrical Machines

Control Systems

   

HSS Elective 3

 

Mechanical Lab 3

 

Mechanical Lab 2

 

 

Semester 7

Semester 8

Summer Training (PP/NP)

Industrial Engineering and Operation Research

Applied Thermodynamics 2

Dept Elective 3

Dept Elective 1

Dept Elective 4

Dept Elective 2

HSS Elective 4

Open Elective 1

Project 2

Mechanical Lab 4

 

Project 1

 

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Check out the list of
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Important BE Mechanical Engineering Subjects

  • Material Science and Engineering

  • Engineering Mechanics

  • Heat Transfer

  • Fluid Mechanics

  • Machine Drawing

  • Fluid Machinery

  • Kinematic Analysis and Synthesis

  • Workshop Practice

  • Manufacturing Processes

  • Applied Mechanics Lab

  • Machining Technology and Metrology

  • Dynamics of Machines

  • Metrology and Metallography Lab

  • Electrohydraulic Control Systems

  • Measurement and Instrumentation

  • Steam Power Plant 

Mechanical Engineering Career Skills
Although, possessing the relevant educational qualification is a must to pursue your career ahead in Mechanical engineering; however, specific skillsets can unleash loads of growth opportunities and taste success in the field. The right set of skills acts as a booster in your mechanical engineering career life. You will need to follow the given skills if you really want to stand out from the crowd.

  • Innovative Thinking: This is the most important skill irrespective of any discipline or field of work. Mechanical engineers should be creative with their ideas that would bring profit, smooth process operation, and execution for the companies. They need to have the ability to think out of the box when it requires the most or provide brainstorming solutions to constraints that would come in the way. 

  • Excellent Technical & Budgeting Skills: Mechanical Engineers don’t just design systems and products, they also look after the implementation, operation, and maintenance of these designs. With sound technical and budgeting skills, they can figure out the most budget-friendly means to run the technologies and book profits for the firm or process thereby ensuring their durability and effectiveness. 

  • Ability To Work Under Pressure: Engineers of every discipline face peer pressure at the workplace due to technological advances and overcoming constraints. Those who can work calmly and positively under pressure will find success and better opportunities in the future. 

  • Solution Provider & Analyser: With good analyzing power and solution provider skills you will be able to address the issues with apt solutions; the lack of such skill will act as a flaw in your professional life. 

  • Leadership and Team Player: Of course, as a mechanical engineer you need the necessary skills to effectively channelize a team and bring the desired output. You should have the ability to work effectively in coordination with team members and when required take the initiative to lead the team wisely.

Latest Job Trends: Mechanical Engineering
Due to technological advances in leaps and bounds, the Mechanical Engineering field is constantly in a state of development. You can also pursue some innovative courses after Mechanical engineering that will open the doors for new and exciting avenues such as: 
3D Printing - It’s a complex process that involves creating the model of an object using CAD software. Also known as ‘Additive Manufacturing’, the 3D printing process is carried out by slicing the designed object into ultra-thin layers & then transfer them to the 3D printer to print them in a formation of fine plastic layers each bonded to the preceding layer. 
Internet of Things (IoT) - It’s a system of interrelated computing machines with unique identifiers, IoT is like the ability of the machines to transfer data over networks, negating the need for any human-to-computer or human-to-human interactions. Any system of machines can be part of an IoT when assigned an IP address.
Electric Vehicles - It’s the next-gen thing!  With the introduction of electric vehicles transportation will be better and much more efficient. Almost, one to two decades have been spent by experts in analyzing and perfecting its performance through a dry run, safety measures, and quality of care.

Mechanical Engineering: Job Profiles & Top Recruiters
Once you complete your B.Tech or M.Tech in Mechanical Engineering, you are provided with an array of opportunities to begin your careers. Some of the most common job profiles that candidates go for as a Mechanical engineer:
Purchase and Quality Control Executive: As a Purchase and Quality Control Executive, you will supervise staff & oversee product development procedures to make sure quality & efficiency standards are maintained.
Design Engineer: As a Design Engineer, you’re responsible for R&D for new systems and products. You are also responsible to improve the efficiency and performance of existing products.
Mechanical Engineer: As a Mechanical Engineer, you will design the specifications for, develop, design, manufacture, and installing modified or new components and systems.
Assistant Mechanical Engineer: As an Assistant Mechanical Engineer, you will perform a variety of tasks to assist mechanics in the operation, repair, and refurbishment of machines.
Professor / Lecturer: A Professor / Lecturer imparts knowledge of the Mechanical Engineering profession and its related sub-disciplines, technical skills, analytical skills.

Top Companies Hiring Mechanical Engineers Include: 

  • Toshiba

  • Siemens

  • Tata Group

  • Reliance Industries

  • Jacobs

  • GE Global Research

  • Indian Oil

  • Kirloskar

  • Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd

  • Larsen and Toubro Ltd

  • Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited 

  • Thermax

  • Godrej Group

Average Salary For Mechanical Engineers
The salaries that candidates can expect in the field of Mechanical Engineering are based on the job profiles & undergo changes over the career span. 
Here is an estimated salary for job profiles in ME: 

  • Purchase and Quality Control Executive – INR 5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

  • Design Engineer - INR 4 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

  • Mechanical Engineer - INR 5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

  • Assistant Mechanical Engineer - INR 4-5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

  • Professor / Lecturer - INR 4.25 – 4.5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Some Popular Mechanical Engineering Colleges In India

  • IIT, Bombay

  • MIT Manipal

  • COEP Pune

  • SRM University Chennai

  • DSCE Bengaluru

  • VIT Vellore

  • RVCE Bengaluru

FAQs
What Does A Mechanical Engineer Really Do?
Mechanical Engineers play a pivotal role in various heavy industries such as energy conversion, biotechnology, computers, electronics, aerospace, and countless others. Mechanical engineers design power-producing machines. Basically, its role is to take any product through the journey from concept to commissioning, in other words from idea to the marketplace.
Is Mechanical Engineering A Good Career?
Yes! In terms of career opportunities, Mechanical engineers can find excellent opportunities in government organizations, management, and law among others. Candidates with a Mechanical Engineering degree can secure jobs in divisions such as aerospace, chemical manufacturing plants, automobile, R&D, oil rigs, construction and real estate, railway factories, and many others. With the advent of technology, the expertise and skills of Mechanical engineers are increasingly in demand for various technology-specific domains such as nanotechnology, biomedical engineering, Artificial Intelligence, robotics, and more.
What Are Subjects In Mechanical Engineering? 
The subjects will be based on the semester you are studying in and there would be eight semesters for a total of four years. To check the complete m
echanical engineering subjects list for all eight semesters. 
Which Field Is The Best For Mechanical Engineers?
Anything is best as long as you’re dedicated and crazy to achieve your career goals; however, we have shortlisted eight unique fields with great prospects for you: Research & Development, Robotics & Automation, Sales & Marketing, Maintenance, Mechanical Designer Engineer, Solar/Renewable Energy, Mechanical System Designer, and Artificial Intelligence, Nanotechnology.
What Are The Disadvantages Of Mechanical Engineering?
Few Disadvantages of being a Mechanical engineer include long working hours, strict deadlines, Remote locations, Hazards at work sites, Increased pressure, and lesser scope for errors or mistakes.
Is Mechanical Engineering Easy?
Yes! When compared to other disciplines, Mechanical engineering is the easiest engineering degree since it has a broad area of study. Some things you can ask yourself to help you choose are: What are your interests? What are your goals? What are your strengths? What’s best suited for your lifestyle? And What are the requirements for the different majors? To make the field more exciting and interesting for you.

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