It’s a movement of multiple wagons or a train of wagons with steel wheels over two parallel steel rails that have less resistance.
Hence the cost of transportation by this method is way more cost effective than that of road approx one sixth.
Railways are considered as arteries of transportation system.
It offers minimum resistance to transaction hence is the cheapest method of all.
The time is more in this mode of transportation.
It's good for transportation of bulky goods of comparative low value.
Fastest among all the transportation.
It is invaded by high cost of transport
Its is suitable for transport of high value good for long route
Poor weather condition may affect the transportation
It is the most flexible mode of transportation.
Its required consumption of petroleum at high rate causing pollutants and harming the environment.
Major roadways are achieved by Highways and Expressways.
Highways are special types of road that allow high speed transportation.
It is generally constructed on embankments for better drainage,flood lines and avoiding entry of humans and animals.EXAMPLE National highways and state highways.
Expressways are superior types of highways that are designed as a direct source of connectivity between any specified place,it organizes traffic in a proper way.Example Mumbai-Pune expressway and Yamuna Expressway.