- What is Measurement?
- Methods of Measurement
- Classification of Instruments
- Components of a Generalized Measurement System
- Applications of Measurement Systems
- What is a Unit of Measurement?
- Standard Units of Measurement
- What is a Dimension?
- Static Characteristics of Instruments
- Dynamic Characteristics of Instruments
- What is an Error?
- Different types of Errors in Measurement
- Classification of Errors
- Sources of Errors in Measurement
- Remedies to Eliminate or to Minimize Errors
- Statistical Analysis of Data
- Types of Errors in Measurement Problem 1
- Types of Errors in Measurement Problem 2
- Types of Errors in Measurement Problem 3

- What is a Resistance?
- Classification of Resistances : Low, Medium and High Resistances
- Measurement of Low Resistance by Ammeter- Voltmeter Method
- Measurement of Low Resistance by Kelvin's Double Bridge Method
- Measurement of Low Resistance by Kelvin's Double Bridge Method Problem No 1
- Measurement of Low Resistance by Potentiometer Method
- Measurement of Medium Resistance by Ammeter- Voltmeter Method
- Measurement of Medium Resistance by Ammeter- Voltmeter Method Problem No 1
- Measurement of Medium Resistance by Ammeter- Voltmeter Method Problem No 2
- Measurement of Medium Resistance by Ammeter-Voltmeter Method Problem No 3
- Measurement of Medium Resistance by Substitution Method
- Measurement of Medium Resistance by Substitution Method Problem No 1
- Measurement of Medium Resistance by Wheatstone Bridge Method
- Measurement of Medium Resistance by Carey - Foster Slide Wire Bridge
- Measurement of Medium Resistance by Carey - Foster Slide Wire Bridge Problem No 1
- Measurement of High Resistance by Direct Deflection Method
- Measurement of High Resistance by Loss of Charge Method
- Measurement of High Resistance by Loss of Charge Method Problem No 1
- Measurement of High Resistance by Loss of Charge Method Problem No 2
- Measurement of High Resistance by Megohm Method
- Measurement of High Resistance by Megger Method
- Alternating Current Bridges (A.C. Bridges)
- General Balance Equation for Alternating Current Bridges (A.C. Bridges)
- General Balance Equation for Alternating Current Bridges Problem 1
- General Balance Equation for Alternating Current Bridges Problem 2
- Types of Alternating Current Bridges (A.C. Bridges)

- What is an Inductance?
- Measurement of Inductance by Maxwell Inductance Bridge
- Measurement of Inductance by Maxwell Inductance Bridge Problem 1
- Measurement of Inductance by Maxwell Inductance Capacitance Bridge
- Measurement of Inductance by Maxwell Inductance Capacitance Bridge Problem 1
- Measurement of Inductance by Maxwell Inductance Capacitance Bridge Problem 2
- Measurement of Inductance by Hay Bridge
- Measurement of Inductance by Hay Bridge Problem 1
- Measurement of Inductance by Anderson Bridge
- Measurement of Inductance by Anderson Bridge Problem No 1
- Measurement of Inductance by Owen's Bridge
- Measurement of Inductance by Owen's Bridge Problem No 1

- What is a Capacitance?
- Analog Multimeter
- Data Acquisition System
- Single and Multi-Channel Data Acquisition System
- PC based Data Acquisition System
- Energy Meter
- Power or Watt Meters
- Analog to Digital and Digital to Analog Converters
- Measurement of Capacitance by DeSauty Bridge
- Measurement of Capacitance by DeSauty Bridge problem no 1
- Measurement of Capacitance by Schering Bridge
- Measurement of Capacitance by Schering Bridge Problem No 1
- Measurement of Capacitance by Schering Bridge Problem No 2
- Measurement of Frequency by Wein's Bridge
- Measurement of Frequency by Wein's Bridge Problem No 1
- Q Meter
- Q Meter Problem No 1
- Q Meter Problem No 2
- Q Meter Problem No 3

- What is a Transfer Function?
- Properties of a Transfer Function
- Procedure to Determine Transfer Function of a System
- Poles and Zeros of Transfer Function
- Transfer Function of Electrical Network - Problem 1
- Transfer Function of Electrical Network - Problem 2
- Transfer Function of Electrical Network - Problem 3
- Transfer Function of Electrical Network - Problem 4
- Transfer Function of Electrical Network - Problem 5
- What is a Block Diagram?
- Block Diagram Reduction Technique
- Block Diagram Reduction Technique - Problem 1 - Block Diagram
- Block Diagram Reduction Technique - Problem 2 - Block Diagram
- Block Diagram Reduction Technique - Problem 3 - Block Diagram
- Block Diagram Reduction Technique - Problem 4 - Block Diagram
- Block Diagram Reduction Technique - Problem 5 - Block Diagram
- Block Diagram Reduction Technique - Problem 6 - Block Diagram
- Block Diagram Reduction Technique - Problem 7 - Block Diagram
- What is a Signal Flow Graph?
- Procedure for Converting a Block Diagram into a Signal Flow Graph and Vice Versa
- Mason's Gain Formula
- Mason's Gain Formula - Problem 1 - Signal Flow Graph
- Mason's Gain Formula - Problem 2 - Signal Flow Graph
- Mason's Gain Formula - Problem 3 - Signal Flow Graph
- Mason's Gain Formula - Problem 4 - Signal Flow Graph
- Mason's Gain Formula - Problem 5 - Signal Flow Graph
- Mason's Gain Formula - Problem 6 - Signal Flow Graph
- Mason's Gain Formula - Problem 7 - Signal Flow Graph

- Mathematical Modelling of Mechanical Systems
- Mathematical Modelling of Electrical Systems
- Analogous Systems
- Determination of Mathematical Modelling Using Nodal Method
- Problem No. 1 on Analogous Systems
- Problem No. 2 on Analogous Systems
- Problem No. 3 on Analogous Systems
- Problem No. 4 on Analogous Systems
- Problem No. 5 on Analogous Systems

- Introduction of Time Response Analysis
- Types of Input Test Signals , Type of System and Order of System
- Time Response Analysis of First Order Control System
- Time Response Analysis of Second Order Control System for Unit Step Function
- Location of Roots for Different Values of Damping Ratio
- Transient Response Specifications
- Time Response Analysis of Second Order Control System for Unit Ramp Function
- Time Response Analysis of Second Order Control System for Unit Impulse Function
- Static and Dynamic Coefficient
- Types of Transfer Function and Steady State Error
- Transient Response and Steady State Error - Problem 1
- Transient Response and Steady State Error - Problem 2
- Transient Response and Steady State Error - Problem 3
- Transient Response and Steady State Error - Problem 4
- Transient Response and Steady State Error - Problem 5
- Transient Response and Steady State Error - Problem 6
- Transient Response and Steady State Error - Problem 7

- What Is Stability and Types of Stability in a Control System?
- Routh Hurwitz Criteria
- Routh Hurwitz Stability Criterion - Problem 1
- Routh Hurwitz Stability Criterion - Problem 2
- Routh Hurwitz Stability Criterion - Problem 3
- Routh Hurwitz Stability Criterion - Problem 4
- Routh Hurwitz Stability Criterion - Problem 5
- Routh Hurwitz Stability Criterion - Problem 6
- Routh Hurwitz Stability Criterion - Problem 7

- Introduction of Frequency Response Analysis
- Polar Plots
- To Calculate Gain Margin and Phase Margin from Polar Plots
- Problem No. 1 on Polar Plots
- Problem No. 2 on Polar Plots
- Problem No. 3 on Polar Plots
- Nyquist Stability Criteria
- Nyquist Plot
- Nyquist Plot - Problem 1
- Nyquist Plot - Problem 2
- Nyquist Plot - Problem 3
- Nyquist Plot - Problem 4
- Nyquist Plot - Problem 5
- Nyquist Plot - Problem 6
- Design Specifications In Frequency Domain
- Bode Plot - Problem 1
- Bode Plot - Problem 2
- Bode Plot - Problem 3
- Bode Plot - Problem 4
- Bode Plot - Problem 5
- Bode Plot - Problem 6
- Bode Plot - Problem 7
- Bode Plot - Problem 8
- Bode Plot - Problem 9

Professor Shruti Joshi has obtained a Master's of Engineering with an expertise in Electronics Instrumentation And Control Engineering. She has more than 7 years of proficiency in the teaching field. Primary Subjects of her teaching domain are Control Systems, Microprocessors, Instrumentation and Transducers, whereas secondary subjects remain Neural Networks and Microcontrollers. She believes the best investment is investing in knowledge to receive the never-ending interest in the future.

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