06 Oct 2021

All About Electrical Engineering

Ekeeda Moderator
Works at Ekeeda

Electrical Engineering - Courses, Subjects, Exams & Scope

Every piece of technology which runs electricity needs the expertise and sound knowledge of electrical engineers. From designing microphones to monster machines or slim smartphones that you carry in your pockets; all need the expertise of an electrical engineer. Thus, it’s one of the most interesting occupations; however, it can be quite technically challenging and need a great deal of mathematics and physics knowledge. This job offers unique opportunities for individuals especially in this technologically innovative world to design and manufacture devices that people use most frequently in their day-to-day lives.
What Is Electrical Engineering?
Electrical engineering is one of the prominent and most important branches of engineering that deals with the application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism concepts. Being an electrical engineer, you will design electric circuits and innovative equipment.  You can be working on projects as small as designing a chipset to as mega as building a power system for power plants. Thus, your elevation of work would range from designing, manufacturing, and operating power plants, industrial machinery, electrical motors, computer chips, and automobile ignition systems, aircraft, space crafts, and all kinds of engines.
Today, electrical engineering has spread across a range of specialties such as robotics and machines, artificial intelligence, signal processing to electromagnetism, automobile to remote sensing, laser techniques to ultra-sonic, and much more. 
A qualified electrical engineer has the option to choose his or her work in fields like computers, electronic gadgets, navigation systems, power plants, construction sectors, etc. The average salary for fresh electrical engineer graduates is INR 3-4 lakh and above.
In India, there are top-tier institutes/universities that offer Electrical engineering as one of the mainstream disciplines at the UG and PG level, that will help you attain B. Tech and M. Tech degrees respectively. 
Once you pursue B.Tech in electrical engineering and appear for the GATE exam, there are various avenues open for you. Firstly, you can apply for M.Tech programs that will eventually lead you to Better job opportunities, Higher pay packages, Subject specialization, and a Handsome stipend. 
Secondly, one of the most exciting opportunities would be, various PSUs in India hire Electrical engineers through the GATE examination, thereby giving them a chance to settle down for a dream career. 
With a conducive work environment, good pay & incentives, and other amenities, PSU provides a promising future for individuals. Some of the top PSUs in India that hire through GATE include BHEL, HPCL, DRDO, NPCIL, SAIL, BARC, Powergrid, and more. Other than PSU hiring, after M. Tech you can further pursue your career in Ph.D. research wherein you will be paid a stipend and later get recruited as professors or HOD in various prestigious universities and institutes across India. You can also secure jobs in the research wing of various government or private organizations.
Thus, Electrical engineering is a prominent part of various industries and it's divided into various sub-disciplines. Most Electrical engineers choose to specialize in the below-mentioned sub-disciplines of Electrical engineering in our blog. The sub-discipline that Electrical engineers pursue will determine the type of work they do.

Some Of The Most Common Electrical Engineer Job Duties Include: 

  • You will evaluate electrical systems, products, components, and applications by designing & conducting research programs. You will apply knowledge of electricity and materials.

  • You will confirm systems and components capabilities by designing test methods, and properties, 

  • You will develop electrical products by understanding the customer requirements; researching & testing manufacturing and assembly methods and materials.

  • You will develop manufacturing processes by designing and modifying equipment for building & assembling electrical components; soliciting observations from operators.

  • You will assure product quality by designing electrical testing methods; testing finished products and system capabilities.

  • You will create reports by collecting, analyzing, and summarizing information & trends.

  • You will keep equipment operational by following the manufacturer’s instructions and established procedures; requesting repair service.

  • You will maintain the product database by writing computer programs; entering data.

  • You will complete projects by training and guiding technicians.

Some Electrical Engineering Specializations

  • Communications and Signal Processing

  • Computer Engineering – Data & Informatics

  • Systems &Control Engineering

  • Electrophysics

  • Microelectronics

  • Energy &Power Systems

  • Nanoengineering & Microengineering

Electrical Engineering Courses

In India, Electrical Engineering degree course is offered by most of the Engineering institutes at UG, PG, and doctorate levels like:

  • B.E/B.Tech

  • M.E/M.Tech

  • B.Sc

  • M.Sc

  • Ph.D.

Electrical Engineering: Eligibility Criteria and Entrance Exams
Below mentioned are the eligibility criteria to be fulfilled in order to pursue Electrical Engineering:

  • Electrical Engineering Diploma - There are many institutes that offer a two-year diploma course in Electrical engineering.

  • Eligibility - The aspirants must have passed class X or its equivalent examination with a minimum of 45% marks each in Science and Mathematics as compulsory subjects. The students must have also studied English as one of the compulsory subjects.

  • B. Tech Electrical Engineering - It is a four-year full-time undergraduate program divided into eight semesters.

  • Eligibility – Aspirants should have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination from any recognized central or state board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics with at least 50% marks in aggregate from a recognized college or university. The admission process of the B. Tech program is done through the entrance exams such as –JEE Main, JEE Advanced, UPSEE, BITSAT, KCET, WBJEE, and more. 

  • M. Tech in Electrical Engineering - It is a two-year full-time post-graduation program.

  • Eligibility - The students must have completed a B. Tech degree with a minimum passing percentage in the aggregation of all subjects studied in the undergraduate program. The admissions are done through the entrance exam such as - GATE score merit list. IIT, Kharagpur will conduct GATE 2022 and the official notification has been released of it. The registrations are ongoing till 24 September 2021. For more information, you can – Click Here

Top Electrical Engineering Entrance Exams
Most of the engineering colleges/institutes that provide Electrical engineering courses offer admission to candidates on the basis of National or State level engineering entrance exams. There are also many colleges that have their own individual entrance exams for admission to B. Tech programmers.
Some of the popular engineering entrance exams that aspirants should consider securing admissions to UG and PG level Electrical Engineering courses include:

  • JEE Main

  • JEE Advanced


  • Assam CEE



  • GEEE


  • GATE


  • KCET

  • VSAT






  • REAP



  • KEAM





Note – The admissions to B.Tech/B.E/M.Tech (Electrical Engineering) programmes in most of the institutes are based on entrance exam scores.
Electrical Engineering Course Curriculum
Electrical Engineering course curriculum will differ from college to college and across institutes & universities in India. But the fundamentals will remain uniform across all institutes. Here is the complete overview of the topics/sub-topics you would study for Electrical Engineering across eight semesters in four years. Although the Electrical engineering subjects would be constant the syllabus and structure may vary from college to college and institutes.
Subjects In Electrical Engineering For Eight Semesters (4-Year Program)

Semester 1

Semester 2

Engineering Chemistry

Computer Programming & Information Technology

    Engineering Graphics

  Electrical Technology

   Engineering Materials

 Engineering Mechanics


     Electronics & Instrumentation

 Engineering Mathematics 1

Engineering Mathematics 2

 Engineering Physics 1 

Engineering Physics 2

 Practical - Chemistry & Physics

   Practical Computer Programming

  Workshop Practice 1

Workshop Practice 2


Semester 3

Semester 4

Applied Thermodynamics

Analog Circuits

Circuit Theory

Electrical Machines

Digital Circuits

Electrical Measurements

 Engineering Mathematics 3

Managerial Economics

Data Structures

Numerical and Statistical Methods

Mechanics of Solids

Signals & Systems

Practical - Applied Thermodynamics Lab, Circuit Theory Lab, Digital Circuits Lab and Data Structures Lab

Practical: Analogue Circuits Lab, Electrical Machines Lab, Electrical Measurements Lab
Numerical and Statistical Methods Lab

Comprehensive Viva-Voce



Semester 5

Semester 6

Control Systems

Control Systems 2

Digital Signal Processing

Electric Power Generation

Electrical Machines 2

Electrical Machine & Power System Design

Field Theory


Microprocessors & Computer Organisation

Microprocessor-Based System

Power Systems

Power Systems 2

Practical - Control Systems Lab, Electrical Machines 2 Lab, Microprocessors & Computer Organisation Lab, and Power Systems Lab

Power Electronics

Vocational Training

Practical - Control Systems-II Lab, Instrumentation Lab, Power Systems-II Lab, and Power Electronics Lab

Industrial Visits/Excursions



Semester 7

Semester 8

Electrical Drives

Computer Application in Power System

Operation Research

High Voltage Engineering

Switchgear & Protection

Electives- 3, 4, & 5

Bio-medical Instrumentation
Digital Instrumentation
Filter Design & Synthesis
Illumination and Utility Services
Industrial Automation and Control
Optimal Control
Optimization Technique
Pattern Recognition
Power System Dynamics & Control
Static Relays
Utilization of Electrical Power

Electives - Group 1 - Advanced Power Electronics
Electrical Technology
Electric Transportation
Special Purpose Electrical Machines


Computer Application in Power System Lab

Electives - Group 2

Artificial Intelligence
Communication Engineering
Power Plant Instrumentation and Control

Project and Seminar

Ekeeda – India’s top tech educational app provides Electrical engineering courses online for aspirants. You can book your Electrical Package and start learning any topic, anytime. These courses are designed by expert faculty from IITs and keeping in mind the latest industry trends and Electrical engineering syllabus. What’s more! You will also get access to PDF notes, mock tests, and live interactive sessions to clarify your doubts then and there. We believe in providing access to the best study resources at pocket-friendly prices. Thus, with round the year deals and discounts you can crack a great deal and ace up your academic preparation.
Check out the list of
Online Electrical Engineering Courses at Ekeeda and subscribe today!

Top B.Tech Electrical Engineering Colleges

  • Punjab College of Engineering and Technology, Mohali

  • The University of Delhi - DU, Delhi

  • Thapar University, Patiala

  • Dr. Visvesaraya Institute of Engineering and Technology, Bhopal

Five Best Professional Courses For Electrical Engineers 

  • Automation Training

  • Robotics & Humanoids

  • C-DAC

  • Power Systems And Solar Panels

  • Programming Language (Software)

Electrical Engineering: Job Profiles & Top Companies
Most people think electrical engineering is all about connecting wires and building circuits, but it's beyond your imagination. Electrical Engineers are in high demand in various sectors and industries such as the construction or power industry, telecommunication, IT, navigation, railways, automobile, architecture, aerospace, defense, etc. From maintaining power grids to supervising R& D of electronic devices and technology to designing circuits for computers, Electrical Engineers are required in various fields.
Some of the Electrical Engineering jobs include:

  • Control And Instrumentation Engineer

  • Electronics Engineer

  • Broadcast Engineer

  • Electrical Engineer

  • Design Engineer

  • Nuclear Engineer

  • Consultant

  • Systems Analyst

Top Electrical Engineering Companies 2021 Hiring Electrical Engineering Graduates:

  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited

  • Siemens

  • ABB India Limited

  • Havells India Limited

  • Adani Power Limited

  • Crompton Greaves

  • Jindal Steel & Power Limited

  • Bajaj Electricals Limited

  • Alstom India Limited

  • General Electrics

  • Larson & Turbo

  • Tata Electric Companies

  • Philips

  • Gujarat Industries Power Company Limited

  • Wipro

  • Kirloskar Group

  • Sterling

  • Schnider Electric

  • EMCO Limited

  • HBM Power System

  • Eveready Industries India Limited

  • Exide Industries Limited

  • Microtek

  • Finolex Cables Limited

  • Kaydour Cables India

  • Mellcon Engineers

  • BL Power Systems Limited

  • Ultra Electric Company India Pvt Ltd.

  • National Wind & Power Corporation

  • DLF Power Limited

  • Kuber Lighting Private Limited

What Are The Skills Required For Electrical Engineering?
To be a brilliant Electrical engineer, few skills you need to have in your arsenal would be Technical skills, Project Management, Critical Thinking, Communication Skills, and a Creative approach. In order to achieve life goals few desirable qualities you must possess: 

  • Leadership Skills

  • Negotiating Skills

  • Eye for Detail 

  • Time Management Skills 

  • Team Player

  • Innovative Thinker

  • Solution Provider

  • Passion To Learn & Share Knowledge 

Power & Control systems, computer systems are often the most basic form of engineering stuff that would come to your mind as an Electrical engineering job. Well! That’s just the tip of the iceberg. Electrical engineering is vast and much more than your imagination. Whether it's controlling the crowd at EIFFEL Tower or conceptualizing your dream IRONMAN, everything needs a valuable opinion of an Electrical engineer. Even when you open a water faucet and you see water coming out, it is possible only due to the innovative idea of an Electrical engineer.
Hope you now made up a clear mind and be one of the brilliant electrical engineers of the nation. To get access to superior study resources as per the latest Electrical engineering syllabus and trends download Ekeeda – India’s best tech educational app today! We believe in providing the best of the study resources of pocket-friendly prices to individuals. With round-the-year deals and discounts, candidates can grab the best deal and start preparing for academics at the comfort of their homes or favorite study corners such as a library, beachside, or terrace. Our EE packages cover electrical engineering subjects for all the semesters and are designed by experts keeping in mind the latest electrical engineering syllabus.
Take control of your career now!


Who Can Apply For Electrical Engineering Admission?
Any aspirant who has passed the class 12th board examination from a recognized board. In 12th standard, the student must secure passing mass in Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and he or she must have at least 50% marks in his/her 12th board exams

What Is The Duration Of The Electrical Engineering Programme?
The Electrical engineering program will be based on the semester you study in and there will be eight semesters for a total of four years. To check the complete Electrical engineering subjects list for all the eight semesters you can –Click Here

What Exactly Does An Electrical Engineer Do?
As an Electrical engineer, you will design, develop, test, and manage the electrical equipment manufacture, from electric motors and navigation systems to power generation equipment and the electrical components of vehicles and personal devices. 

Is Electrical Engineering A Good Career?
Yes! Electrical engineering is the most promising and secure career option for individuals across India. As an Electrical engineer, there are several lucrative job avenues in both public & private sectors. Some popular options include consulting firms, railways, the power, and energy sector, real estate, defense force, and municipal corporations.  The average annual salary of these professionals can range anywhere between 4 lakhs to 5 lakhs. 

Is Electrical Engineering Difficult?
NO! When compared to other disciplines, electrical engineering is a much better and simpler form of engineering. It’s tough because of abstract thinking. Electrical engineers are primarily focused on the physics and mathematics of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. It’s just that Electrical and electronics engineering is a Lengthy and tedious subject.

Book a FREE 1:1 Counselling
Session with Experts

Enquire Now

Book Session
to know about career in
data science

Related Blogs

Get your weekly dose of inspiration.

Join our army of 50K subscribers and stay updated on the ongoing trends in the design industry.